Astrophotography

IC1275

IC 1275 is an emission as well as reflection nebula in Sagittarius. In the center, the greenish area is a dust cloud, rich in dark dust that hide background stars […]

NGC 5053

NGC 5053 is a globular cluster in Coma Berenices. At a distance of about 53,500 light-years from us, NGC 5053’s apparent diameter of 10.5 arc minutes corresponds to a linear […]

NGC6559 – Nebula in Sagittarius

NGC 6559 is a star-forming region located at a distance of about 5000 light-years from Earth, in the constellation of Sagittarius, showing both emission (red) and reflection (bluish) regions. The […]

IC4601 – Reflection Nebula

IC 4601 is a reflection nebula which is located about 420 light-years away in Scorpius. It is part of a larger interstellar cloud of dust and gas (IC 4592), where […]

Flaming Star Nebula

A runaway star lights the Flaming Star Nebula in this cosmic scene. Otherwise known as IC 405, the Flaming Star Nebula’s interstellar clouds of gas and dust lie about 1,500 […]

Tadpole Galaxy (ARP188)

This is spiral galaxy Arp 188, the Tadpole Galaxy. The cosmic tadpole is a 420 million light-years distant toward the northern constellation Draco. Its eye-catching tail is about 280,000 light-years […]

The Whale Galaxy

The Whale Galaxy (NGC4631) is a barred spiral galaxy in the constellation Canes Venatici. This galaxy’s slightly distorted wedge shape, gives it the appearance of a whale, hence its nickname. […]

NGC3521

Gorgeous spiral galaxy NGC 3521 is a mere 35 million light-years away, toward the constellation Leo. It is considered to be a flocculent galaxy. Flocculent galaxies are those that are […]

M109

Messier 109 is a barred spiral galaxy exhibiting a weak inner ring structure around an obviously well-structured central bar approximately 83.5 ± 24 million light-years away in the constellation Ursa […]

M46 with NGC2438

Buy One Get One Free! When you point your telescope to this part of the sky, you see a Open Cluster known as M46. Open Clusters are a group of […]

Markarian Chain of Galaxies

Our galaxy is part of a group of galaxies that includes Andromeda, Pinwheel and about 80 other galaxies. This group is called ‘Local Group of Galaxies’. Neighboring to our group […]

NGC7822

Hot, young stars and cosmic clouds of gas and dust seem to crowd into NGC 7822. The image includes data from narrowband filters, mapping emission from atomic oxygen, hydrogen, and […]

M83

Spiral galaxy M83 is located in the constellation Hydra. A “starburst” galaxy, M83 is considerably smaller than our own galaxy but is producing stars at a much faster rate. The […]

NGC 3718 with NGC 3729

NGC 3718, also called Arp 214, is a galaxy located approximately 52 million light years from Earth in the constellation Ursa Major. NGC 3718 has a warped, s-shape. This may […]

Bernard’s Galaxies – NGC 6822

Grand spiral galaxies often seem to get all the glory, flaunting their young, bright, blue star clusters in beautiful, symmetric spiral arms. But small galaxies form stars too, like nearby […]

M100 and NGC 4312

Majestic on a truly cosmic scale, M100 is appropriately known as a grand design spiral galaxy. It is a large galaxy of over 100 billion stars with well-defined spiral arms […]

M77

Messier 77 is a barred spiral galaxy located 47 million light-years from Earth in the constellation Cetus. Measuring some 170,000 light-years in diameter, it is one of the largest galaxies […]

M11 Open Cluster

Unlike the many globular clusters that I normally image, open clusters are groups of stars that are only loosely bound by gravity. The lifespans of open clusters are relatively short […]

M92 Globular Cluster

Messier 92 (M92) is a globular cluster located in the northern constellation Hercules. The cluster lies at a distance of 26,700 light years from Earth and has an apparent magnitude […]

M22 Globular Cluster

Messier 22 (M22) is a globular cluster located near the Milky Way bulge, the tightly packed group of stars near the galactic center. That is the reason why you see […]

M10 Globular Cluster

Messier 10 (M10) is a rich, bright globular cluster located in the constellation Ophiuchus. A globular cluster is a spherical collection of stars that orbits a galactic core. Globular cluster […]

NGC 6045 and other galaxies

This just looks bunch of stars and some fuzzy stuff. But, they are dozens of very distant galaxies. The larger ones are about 450 to 525 million light years away […]

Rosette Nebula

Would the Rosette Nebula by any other name look as sweet? Inside the nebula lies an open cluster of bright young stars designated NGC 2244. These stars formed about four […]

Leo Triplet

Famous as the Leo Triplet, the three magnificent galaxies gather in one field of view. They are NGC 3628 (left-bottom), M66 (center right), and M65 (top). All three are large […]

NGC 1491

NGC 1491 is a bright nebula in the constellation of Perseus. It is a bright emission nebula and HII region, located on the edge of a vast cloud region of […]

Stephan’s Quintet

There are 5 galaxies right in the middle of this image. All the yellowish galaxies are about 300 million light years away, whereas the bluish one is about 260 million […]

NGC 2903

NGC 2903 is a field barred spiral galaxy about 20 million light-years away in the constellation Leo. Just a little smaller than our own Milky Way, NGC 2903 is about […]

NGC 7538 – Puppy Nebula

NGC 7538, near the more famous Bubble Nebula, is located in the constellation Cepheus. It is located about 9,100 light-years from Earth. It is home to the biggest yet discovered […]

California Nebula Section

California Nebula is a large emission nebula that looks like the shape of California state in US. It’s too large for my telescope, so I took image of section of […]

LBN 782

This is a rather dim reflection nebula. It is about 450 LY away. The star at the bottom of the blue nebula is a youthful variable star, V1023 Tauri, that […]

Cocoon Nebula

Cocoon Nebula (IC5146) is a beautiful nebula that is combination of an emission (pink) and reflection (blue) nebula. It has an apparent size of 12 arc minutes and is located […]

Pacman Nebula (NGC 281)

This is my first mosaic picture. My scope takes images at 75 times magnification. At that magnification, this object would have covered the entire frame, so I took 4 sets […]

IC 426 – Reflection Nebula

Being a reflection nebula, it is not shining from atoms excited by radiation from nearby stars. Rather, it is reflecting light from the stars around it. And much like our […]

NGC 1333 Reflection Nebula

NGC 1333 is located in the constellation Perseus and is a beautiful example of a reflection nebula embeded with an open star cluster. The star in the middle illuminates NGC […]

Astrophotography & its process

Astrophotography is a unique hobby, that is at once science, art & craft. It’s a very satisfying hobby that utilizes all your brain-cells and makes you fulfilled from a creative […]

Globular Cluster M5

Messier 5 (M5) is a globular star cluster, 100,000 stars or more, bound by gravity and packed into a region around 165 light-years in diameter. It lies some 25,000 light-years […]

M95 Galaxy in Leo

Barred spiral galaxy M95 is about 75,000 light-years across, somewhat smaller in size to our own Milky Way and one of the larger galaxies of the Leo galaxy group. In […]

Horsehead Nebula

My most favorite deep sky object is Horsehead Nebula in Orion Constellation. It is visible as the dark indentation to the red emission nebula in the background. The horsehead feature […]

Whirlpool Galaxy (M51)

Those who follow my pictures closely will notice that I have imaged this galaxy many times. It’s because I love this galaxy and try to image it every year to […]

Tulip Nebula

Along the plane of our Milky Way Galaxy toward the nebula rich constellation Cygnus the Swan, this image is of SH2-101, popularly called the Tulip Nebula. About 8,000 light-years distant […]

Dumbbell Nebula

Dumbbell Nebula is a planetary nebula i.e. remains of a dying star. The red color is hydrogen gas clouds, and the greenish blue color consists of nitrogen and oxygen as […]

Pinwheel Galaxy in Triangulum (M33)

Pinwheel Galaxy (M33) in Triangulum constellation is our neighbor. It is the second nearest galaxy to our Milky way (excluding our Milky Way’s satellites). It’s smaller than our galaxy – […]

Cigar Galaxy (M82)

What’s lighting up the Cigar Galaxy? M82, as this irregular galaxy is also known, was stirred up by a recent pass near large spiral galaxy M81. This doesn’t fully explain […]

Ring Nebula – M57

Dozens of planetary nebulae are visible in a small telescope, but none present such a distinctive and accessible appearance in a small telescope as the Ring Nebula (M57) in the […]

Helix Nebula (NGC 7293)

From Garuda Nebula (vdB152) to Lord Shiva’s third eye! Helix Nebula is one of the most beautiful Planetary Nebulae. Planetary Nebula have nothing to do with planets. They are called […]

vDB 152 – Dark Nebula

vdB 152 is a dark cloud of gas that is thick enough to obscure all the stars behind it and only some part of the nebula is shining in blue […]

Bubble Nebula (NGC7635) in narrowband

Bubble Nebula, a rare type of nebula, is an emission nebula in the constellation Cassiopeia. Although it looks delicate, the 7 light-year diameter bubble offers evidence of violent processes at […]

M16 – Queen Nebula

This is an image of M16- The Queen Nebula. It’s called Queen Nebula because you can, with some imagination, see a lady holding up her hands and with a flowing […]

Antennae Galaxies – NGC 4038

Some 60 million light-years away in the southerly constellation Corvus, two large galaxies are colliding, leaving a long tail of their erstwhile spiral arms. Spanning about 500 thousand light-years, the […]

Swan Nebula – M17

This star forming region, known as Swan Nebula (concentrate only on the brighter part of the nebula to see a checkmark and extend leftward to see a rough swan shape), […]

M101 – The Pinwheel Galaxy

Probably the best example of a spiral Galaxy, M101 is known as the Pinwheel Galaxy for obvious reasons – it’s many spiral arms give a clear impression of a pinwheel. […]

Bode’s Galaxy – M81

I have revisited this galaxy in 2020 and took a image with long duration of 19 hours. (43 images of 20 minutes each for Luminance & 9 images each of […]

Silver Needle Galaxy (NGC4244)

NGC 4244, nicknamed the Silver Needle Galaxy is my next image. This galaxy spans some 65,000 light-years and lies around 13.5 million light-years away. It appears as a wafer-thin streak […]

M77 & NGC 1055

This is not a pretty image, but, you can see astrophysics in action here. This is a galaxy (named M77) about 47 million light years away. I took image of […]

Two Galaxies – NGC3184 & NGC3179

My telescope is now fully collimated (aligned), but these images were taken before collimation, so there is some amount of fuzziness. But the objects are marvelous. The large Galaxy in […]

Crescent Nebula – NGC 6888

Here is Crescent Nebula (NGC6888) with OIII (Oxygen III) narrowband layer (that is creating the blue halo around this nebula). This is a cosmic bubble about 25 light-years across, blown […]

Tadpole Nebula (IC410)

Update of 2020 While I had done narrowband imaging of this faint object in 2017, I reimaged this area in normal visible colors and got this image of Tadpole Nebula. […]

NGC7789 – Open Cluster

NGC 7789 is an open cluster in Cassiopeia. An open cluster is a group of up to a few thousand stars that were formed from the same nebula and have roughly the […]

Pelican Nebula

The prominent ridge of emission featured in image is designated IC 5067. It is part of a larger nebula with a distinctive shape, popularly called The Pelican Nebula, whose ridge […]

Andromeda Galaxy (M31)

Andromeda Galaxy (M31) – Andromeda Galaxy is the nearest large Galaxy to Milky Way. It consists of 1 trillion stars. The Andromeda Galaxy is a spiral galaxy approximately 2.5 million […]

Little Dumbbell Nebula – M76

M76 is one of the fainter objects on the Messier list and is also known by the popular name of the “Little Dumbbell Nebula”. Like its brighter namesake M27 (the […]

Sh2-132 – The Cobra Nebula

Sharpless 132 (sh2-132) is a faint emission nebula at the Cepheus/Lacerta border, it measures 42 x 30 arcminutes. It lies about a degree southeast of ε Cep. It can be […]

M105 Group of Galaxies

Normally, I take images of galaxies with nice spiral arms. Sometimes I shoot edge on galaxies, which look flat from our angle. Then there is another group of galaxies, which […]

Spiral Galaxy in Leo – M96

Dust lanes seem to swirl around the core of Messier 96 in this picture of the beautiful island universe M96. Of course M96 is a spiral galaxy, and counting the […]

The Owl Nebula – M97

After a few months of issues with my observatory, everything is working fine now and I am back into imaging. You will see a flurry of images during next week. […]

Thor’s Helmet – NGC 2359

This helmet-shaped nebula with apparent wings is popularly called Thor’s Helmet. Thor’s Helmet is about 30 light-years across. In fact, the helmet is more like an interstellar bubble, lit up […]

Edge-On Galaxy M102

Although similar in mass to our Milky Way Galaxy, light takes about 60,000 years to cross M102, about 30 percent less than light takes to cross our own Galaxy. Why […]

Wizard Nebula (NGC 7380)

Located only 8,000 light years away, the Wizard nebula surrounds developing open star cluster NGC 7380. Visually, the interplay of stars, gas, and dust has created a shape that appears […]

M74 – Galaxy in Pisces

About 1/3rd smaller than our Milky Way galaxy, an island universe of about 100 billion stars, 32 million light-years away toward the constellation Pisces, M74 presents a gorgeous face-on view. […]

M65-M66 Galaxies in Leo

Nearby and bright, spiral galaxies M65 (top) and M66 stand out in this cosmic snapshot. The pair are just 35 million light-years distant and around 100,000 light-years across, about the […]

Crab Nebula M1

Presenting Crab Nebula, a ‘Supernova Remnant’ – This is the mess that is left when a star explodes. The nebula is result of a supernova seen and recorded all over […]

NGC 772 – A peculiar galaxy

Peculiarly shaped spiral galaxy NGC 772 is found within constellation Aries, some 130 million light-years beyond the stars and nebulae of our Milky Way galaxy. This island universe is peculiar […]

Deer Lick Galaxy Group (NGC7731)

The large galaxy in this picture is a spiral galaxy about 40 million light-years away in the constellation Pegasus. The galaxy is similar in size and structure to the galaxy […]

Horsehead & Flame Nebulae

I have imaged this region before, but, no amateur astrophotographer let’s a winter go by without taking another shot at this very colorful & beautiful region of the sky.  The […]

Milky Way

After a long time, I visited Cherry Spring State Park, a truly dark sky in north central Pennsylvania. My main purpose was to observe deep sky objects using my telescope, […]

Silver Dollar Galaxy (NGC 253)

NGC 253 is an intermediate spiral galaxy in the constellation Sculptor. Also known as the Sculptor Galaxy, it is a starburst galaxy, which means that it is currently undergoing a […]